Scientific article
Open access

Reliability of the pelvis and femur anatomical landmarks and geometry with the EOS system before and after total hip arthroplasty

Published inScientific reports, vol. 12, no. 1, 21420
Publication date2022-12-11
First online date2022-12-11

Bi-plane X-ray provides 3D measurements of the lower limb based on the identification of anatomical landmarks in sagittal and frontal X-rays. In clinical practice, such measurements involve multiple operators and sessions. This study aimed at evaluating the reliability of anatomical landmarks identification and geometric parameters of the pelvis and femur measured with bi-plane X-rays before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Twenty-eight patients undergoing primary THA were selected retrospectively. Two operators performed three reconstructions for each patient before and after THA. Intraclass correlation (ICC) and smallest detectable change (SDC) were computed for intra-operator, inter-operator, and test–retest conditions. Most anatomical landmark positions had good to excellent SDC (< 5 mm) apart from the centre of the sacral slope, greater trochanter, and anterior superior iliac spines (up to 7.1, 16.9, and 21.5 mm respectively). Geometric parameters had moderate to excellent SDC, apart from femoral and stem torsion, pelvic incidence, and APP inclination with poor SDC (9–12°). The sagittal view had significantly higher measurement errors than the frontal view. Test–retest and inter-operator conditions had no significant differences suggesting a low influence of patient posture. Osteoarthritis and the presence of implants did not seem to influence reliability and measurement error. This study could be used as a reference when assessing lower limb structure with bi-plane X-rays.

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity
  • Pelvis / diagnostic imaging
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retrospective Studies
Citation (ISO format)
GASPARUTTO, Xavier et al. Reliability of the pelvis and femur anatomical landmarks and geometry with the EOS system before and after total hip arthroplasty. In: Scientific reports, 2022, vol. 12, n° 1, p. 21420. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-25997-3
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Article (Published version)
Secondary files (1)
ISSN of the journal2045-2322

Technical informations

Creation12/14/2022 2:53:00 PM
First validation12/14/2022 2:53:00 PM
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