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Scientific article
Open access
English

Near-infrared transillumination for occlusal carious lesion detection: a retrospective reliability study

Published inDiagnostics, vol. 13, no. 1, 36
Publication date2022-12-23
First online date2022-12-23
Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of three diagnostic methods (near-infrared transillumination (NIRT), bitewing radiographs (BW), and clinical images (CI)) to detect occlusal carious lesions in a low caries risk population. This retrospective analysis included one hundred and eighty-eight occlusal surfaces, scored as sound surface, early lesion, or distinct lesion. We evaluated the agreement between and within the methods over time. Kappa statistics tested the correlation between the methods. Examiners detected occlusal early lesions more frequently with visual examination and NIRT and the same lesions were confirmed on the 2-year follow-up. Within the limitations of this study, we were able to establish that early occlusal lesions can be detected and monitored over time using NIRT and visual exam, while BW scores showed mostly sound surfaces at both examinations. NIRT combined with clinical examination can be considered appropriate to detect and monitor early enamel caries on the occlusal surface in low caries-risk populations.

eng
Keywords
  • DIAGNOcam
  • ICDAS
  • Bitewing radiograph
  • Caries
  • Early occlusal lesions
  • Monitoring
  • Near-infrared transillumination (NIRT)
  • Occlusal caries detection
  • Occlusal carious lesions
Citation (ISO format)
MOHAMED NUR, Muna Ismail Mohamed et al. Near-infrared transillumination for occlusal carious lesion detection: a retrospective reliability study. In: Diagnostics, 2022, vol. 13, n° 1, p. 36. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics13010036
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ISSN of the journal2075-4418
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