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A high-risk gut microbiota configuration associates with fatal hyperinflammatory immune and metabolic responses to SARS-CoV-2

Albrich, Werner C
Ghosh, Tarini Shankar
Ahearn-Ford, Sinead
Mikaeloff, Flora
Lunjani, Nonhlanhla
Forde, Brian
Kleger, Gian-Reto
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Published in Gut microbes. 2022, vol. 14, no. 1, 2073131
Abstract Protection against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and associated clinical sequelae requires well-coordinated metabolic and immune responses that limit viral spread and promote recovery of damaged systems. However, the role of the gut microbiota in regulating these responses has not been thoroughly investigated. In order to identify mechanisms underpinning microbiota interactions with host immune and metabolic systems that influence coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes, we performed a multi-omics analysis on hospitalized COVID-19 patients and compared those with the most severe outcome (i.e. death, n = 41) to those with severe non-fatal disease (n = 89), or mild/moderate disease (n = 42), that recovered. A distinct subset of 8 cytokines (e.g. TSLP) and 140 metabolites (e.g. quinolinate) in sera identified those with a fatal outcome to infection. In addition, elevated levels of multiple pathobionts and lower levels of protective or anti-inflammatory microbes were observed in the fecal microbiome of those with the poorest clinical outcomes. Weighted gene correlation network analysis (WGCNA) identified modules that associated severity-associated cytokines with tryptophan metabolism, coagulation-linked fibrinopeptides, and bile acids with multiple pathobionts, such as Enterococcus. In contrast, less severe clinical outcomes are associated with clusters of anti-inflammatory microbes such as Bifidobacterium or Ruminococcus, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and IL-17A. Our study uncovered distinct mechanistic modules that link host and microbiome processes with fatal outcomes to SARS-CoV-2 infection. These features may be useful to identify at risk individuals, but also highlight a role for the microbiome in modifying hyperinflammatory responses to SARS-CoV-2 and other infectious agents.
Keywords MicrobiotaInflammationMetabolitesTryptophanAnti-Inflammatory AgentsCOVID-19CytokinesGastrointestinal Microbiome / geneticsHumansSARS-CoV-2
PMID: 35574937
PMCID: PMC9116414
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Research group Groupe Pugin Jérôme (Soins intensifs) (587)
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ALBRICH, Werner C et al. A high-risk gut microbiota configuration associates with fatal hyperinflammatory immune and metabolic responses to SARS-CoV-2. In: Gut microbes, 2022, vol. 14, n° 1, p. 2073131. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2022.2073131 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:165834

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Deposited on : 2022-12-20

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