Scientific article
Open access

Body composition variations between injured and non-injured professional soccer players

Published inScientific reports, vol. 12, no. 1
Publication date2022-12-01
First online date2022-12-01


Professional soccer is characterized by its physical demands, making players’ exposure to high injury risks a growing problem. It is crucial to study the factors associated with injuries in professional soccer. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between age, body composition, and others variables related with the injury profile of professional soccer players of a specific Portuguese team. Also, it analyzed the impact of the injury profile on soccer’s variations in body fat (BF%), skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and total body water (TBW) throughout the season. The sample comprised 31 male professional soccer players competing in the First Portuguese Soccer League. Older players had a higher prevalence of muscular injuries. Midfielders and forwards showed the highest number of muscular injuries during the season being quadriceps the most affected zone. Considering players’ BF% [Wilks’ Lambda = 0.42, F (7, 23) = 4.61, p = 0.002, r = 0.58], SMM [Wilks’ Lambda = 0.59, F (6, 23) = 2.70, p = 0.039, r = 0.41] and TBW [Wilks’ Lambda = 0.54, F (7, 23) = 2.80, p = 0.029, r = 0.46] there was a substantial main effect for the assessments performed throughout the season and the injury status. Age assumes relevance in explaining the injury profile. The impact of the injury profile on soccer's variations in BF%, SMM and TBW throughout the season must be analyzed considering the clinical relevance.

Research group
Citation (ISO format)
MARTINS, Francisco et al. Body composition variations between injured and non-injured professional soccer players. In: Scientific reports, 2022, vol. 12, n° 1. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-24609-4
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2045-2322

Technical informations

Creation12/06/2022 12:24:00 PM
First validation12/06/2022 12:24:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 10:11:27 AM
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