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Scientific article
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Electrophysiological confrontation of Lead-DBS-based electrode localizations in patients with Parkinson's disease undergoing deep brain stimulation

Published inNeuroImage. Clinical, vol. 34, 102971
Publication date2022
First online date2022-02-25
Abstract

Microelectrode recordings (MERs) are often used during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgeries to confirm the position of electrodes in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. The present study focused on 32 patients who had undergone DBS surgery for advanced Parkinson's disease. The first objective was to confront the anatomical locations of intraoperative individual MERs as determined electrophysiologically with those determined postoperatively by image reconstructions. The second aim was to search for differences in cell characteristics among the three subthalamic nucleus (STN) subdivisions and between the STN and other identified subcortical structures. Using the DISTAL atlas implemented in the Lead-DBS image reconstruction toolbox, each MER location was determined postoperatively and attributed to specific anatomical structures (sensorimotor, associative or limbic STN; substantia nigra [SN], thalamus, nucleus reticularis polaris, zona incerta [ZI]). The STN dorsal borders determined intraoperatively from electrophysiology were then compared with the STN dorsal borders determined by the reconstructed images. Parameters of spike clusters (firing rates, amplitudes - with minimum amplitude of 60 μV -, spike durations, amplitude spectral density of β-oscillations) were compared between structures (ANOVAs on ranks). Two hundred and thirty one MERs were analyzed (144 in 34 STNs, 7 in 4 thalami, 5 in 4 ZIs, 34 in 10 SNs, 41 others). The average difference in depth of the electrophysiological dorsal STN entry in comparison with the STN entry obtained with Lead-DBS was found to be of 0.1 mm (standard deviation: 0.8 mm). All 12 analyzed MERs recorded above the electrophysiologically-determined STN entry were confirmed to be in the thalamus or zona incerta. All MERs electrophysiologically attributed to the SN were confirmed to belong to this nucleus. However, 6/34 MERs that were electrophysiologically attributed to the ventral STN were postoperatively reattributed to the SN. Furthermore, 44 MERs of 3 trajectories, which were intraoperatively attributed to the STN, were postoperatively reattributed to the pallidum or thalamus. MER parameters seemed to differ across the STN, with higher spike amplitudes (H = 10.64, p < 0.01) and less prevalent β-oscillations (H = 9.81, p < 0.01) in the limbic STN than in the sensorimotor and associative subdivisions. Some cells, especially in the SN, showed longer spikes with lower firing rates, in agreement with described characteristics of dopamine cells. However, these probabilistic electrophysiological signatures might become clinically less relevant with the development of image reconstruction tools, which deserve to be applied intraoperatively.

eng
Keywords
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Lead-DBS
  • Microelectrode
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Deep Brain Stimulation / methods
  • Electrophysiological Phenomena / physiology
  • Humans
  • Microelectrodes
  • Parkinson Disease / therapy
  • Subthalamic Nucleus / surgery
Citation (ISO format)
AL AWADHI, Abdullah et al. Electrophysiological confrontation of Lead-DBS-based electrode localizations in patients with Parkinson’s disease undergoing deep brain stimulation. In: NeuroImage. Clinical, 2022, vol. 34, p. 102971. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2022.102971
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ISSN of the journal2213-1582
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Creation09/26/2022 8:14:00 AM
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