Scientific article
Open access

Digital health in schools: a systematic review

Published inSustainability, vol. 14, no. 21, 13848
Publication date2022-10-25
First online date2022-10-25

Worldwide, the growing digitalization process and increase in smartphone usage have contributed to promoting mobile health (mHealth) services. This study provides an overview of the research targeting the effectiveness of mHealth interventions among children and adolescents in the school environment. A systematic literature review was performed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) in the PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases. The results show that physical activity and nutrition are the main intervention topics. Health literacy, mental health, productive health, vaccination rates, and social interaction were also considered in mHealth interventions. Of the 13 studies that remained for analysis, 12 described positive outcomes in at least one health variable after using an mHealth tool. Overall, interventions ranged between four and 24 weeks. Only seven studies managed to have at least 80% of the participants from the baseline until completion. Adding personal information, user interaction, and self-reference comparisons of performance seems crucial for designing successful health digital tools for school-aged children and adolescents.

Research group
  • Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. - Laboratory of Robotics and Engineering Systems [UIDB/50009/2020]
Citation (ISO format)
FRANÇA, Cíntia et al. Digital health in schools: a systematic review. In: Sustainability, 2022, vol. 14, n° 21, p. 13848. doi: 10.3390/su142113848
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2071-1050

Technical informations

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