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Scientific article
Open access
English

In Older Adults, Perceived Stress and Self-Efficacy Are Associated with Verbal Fluency, Reasoning, and Prospective Memory (Moderated by Socioeconomic Position)

Published inBrain sciences, vol. 12, no. 2, 244
Publication date2022-02-10
First online date2022-02-10
Abstract

Despite evidence that stress relates negatively to cognitive functioning in older adults, little is known how appraisal of stress and socioeconomic meso-level factors influence different types of cognitive functions in older adults. Here, we assess the relationship between perceived stress (PSS scale) and a battery of cognitive functions, including prospective memory in 1054 older adults (65+). A moderator analysis assessed whether this relationship varies with neighborhood socioeconomic status using an area-based measure of Socioeconomic Position (SEP). Perceived stress was associated with worse processing speed, verbal fluency, and inductive reasoning. The perceived self-efficacy subscale of the PSS is related to better performance in these measures. Higher self-efficacy was also associated with better prospective memory; this relationship was more pronounced for people with high neighborhood SEP. These findings indicate that not only do perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy relate to cognitive functioning in older age but also that neighborhood SEP is a moderator of this relationship.

eng
Keywords
  • Cognitive performance
  • Older adults
  • Perceived stress
  • Prospective memory
  • Self-efficacy
  • Socioeconomic position
Funding
Citation (ISO format)
RIMMELE, Ulrike et al. In Older Adults, Perceived Stress and Self-Efficacy Are Associated with Verbal Fluency, Reasoning, and Prospective Memory (Moderated by Socioeconomic Position). In: Brain sciences, 2022, vol. 12, n° 2, p. 244. doi: 10.3390/brainsci12020244
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2076-3425
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