en
Scientific article
Review
Open access
English

Leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with schizophrenia during different antipsychotics treatment: a review

Published inSchizophrenia bulletin, vol. 34, no. 6, p. 1189-1199
Publication date2008-11
First online date2007-12-28
Abstract

Energy homeostasis is achieved by the integration of peripheral metabolic signals by the neural circuits involving specific hypothalamic nuclei and brain stem regions. These neural circuits mediate many of the effects of the adipocyte-derived hormone leptin and gut-derived hormone ghrelin. The former is strongly anorexigenic while the latter is the only orexigenic agent active when administered by a peripheral route. Abnormal regulation of these 2 antagonistic regulatory peptides in patients with schizophrenia could play a role in the impairment in the regulation of food intake and energy balance. This bibliographical analysis aims to compare 27 prospective and cross-sectional studies published on circulating leptin and ghrelin levels during acute and chronic administration of antipsychotics treatment, especially atypical ones. Fasting morning leptin levels of schizophrenic patients increase rapidly in the first 2 weeks after atypical antipsychotic (AAP) treatment (mostly olanzapine and clozapine) and remain somehow elevated after that period up to several months. On the contrary, conventional antipsychotics (such as haloperidol) do not interfere with leptin levels. In contrast to leptin, fasting morning ghrelin levels decrease during the first few weeks after the beginning of AAPs treatment while they increase in the longer run. Surprisingly, body weight gain and correlations between the variation of these 2 peptides and adiposity and metabolism-related parameters such as the body mass index and abdominal perimeter were not systematically considered. Finally, an objective evaluation of feeding behavior during antipsychotic treatment remains to be determined.

eng
Keywords
  • Adult
  • Antipsychotic Agents / adverse effects
  • Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Appetite / drug effects
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Eating / drug effects
  • Energy Metabolism / drug effects
  • Female
  • Ghrelin / blood
  • Homeostasis / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Leptin / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Schizophrenia / blood
  • Schizophrenia / drug therapy
  • Young Adult
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
SENTISSI EL IDRISSI, Othman et al. Leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with schizophrenia during different antipsychotics treatment: a review. In: Schizophrenia bulletin, 2008, vol. 34, n° 6, p. 1189–1199. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbm141
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0586-7614
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