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Activités physiques adaptées et troubles psychiatriques: état des lieux et revue de la littérature

Publication date2019-02-15
First online date2019-02-15
Abstract

Patients suffering from severe psychiatric disorders have a greatly reduced life expectancy due to psychiatric illness itself, poor lifestyle and complications related to the metabolic side effects of psychotropic treatments. Because of the current knowledge on the effect of sport on physical health, we consider that it is essential to improve the physical condition of patients and to limit these complications. In addition, studies of patients with mental disorders have shown positive effects of regular physical activity on anxiety, depressive and schizophrenia symptoms. As shown by the various studies selected, the establishment of a programme of physical activities, including yoga, aerobic exercises or muscle building, adapted from 4 to 24 weeks in psychiatric care can improve the physical and mental state in comparison with a control group, by practicing. Indeed, there is an improvement in VO2max of 2.2 ml/min/kg, which represents a 90.5% improvement over the control groups, a decrease in BMI and in PANSS score. However, the comparison of these different studies does not allow the minimum conditions required to obtain significant results tob e determined. These findings suggest future projects and follow up research in this field.

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Keywords
  • Psychiatry
  • Psychotic disorder
  • Care program
  • Improvement in mental state
  • Physical improvement
  • Adapted physical activity
Citation (ISO format)
ZOSSO, Gabrielle, SENTISSI EL IDRISSI, Othman. Activités physiques adaptées et troubles psychiatriques: état des lieux et revue de la littérature. In: Swiss archives of neurology, psychiatry and psychotherapy, 2019, vol. 170, p. w03008. doi: 10.4414/sanp.2019.03008
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ISSN of the journal2297-6981
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