Scientific article
Open access

How to evaluate health in all policies at the local level: methodological insights within municipalities from the WHO French healthy cities network

First online date2022-07-06

Background: This article proposes a method for analysing the degree of maturity of Health in All Policies (HiAP) among World Health Organization-French Healthy Cities Network (WHO-FHCN) as part of the GoveRnance for Equity, EnviroNment and Health in the City (GREENH-City) project. We focused on the creation or enhancement of health-promoting environments, and more specifically, public green spaces.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional quantitative study guided by the evaluative framework of the HiAP maturity level developed by Storm et al mixed with a qualitative interpretation. A self-administered questionnaire was sent to elected officials and health department officers in the 85 member cities of the WHO-FHCN in 2017. Subsequently 58 cities were included in the analysis, which was based on a multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) and a hierarchical ascending classification (HAC).

Results: Thirty-two criteria among a total of 100 were identified and were used to organize the cities into 8 groups which was then reduced to three profiles among the cities: a less advanced HiAP profile, an established HiAP profile and an advanced HiAP profile. This process allows us to identify 4 dimensions that make it possible to evaluate the level of maturity of cities in the HiAP process, namely: (1) the consideration of social inequalities in health and/or health issues in the policies/actions of the sector studied, (2) occasional intersectoral collaboration, ie, one-off initiatives between the health department and others sectors, (3) the existence of joint projects, ie, common projects between two or more sectors, (4) the existence of intersectoral bodies, in this case on the theme of urban green spaces including an intersectoral committee and/or working groups.

Conclusion: Four dimensions which allow to the measurement of the degree of progress in implementing health-all-policies are proposed. With a view to integrating knowledge into public action, this study carried out under real conditions offers a realistic method to evaluate HiAP.

  • Assessment
  • Green Spaces
  • Healthy City
  • Local
  • Policies
  • Quantitative
  • National institute for Cancer, France - GREENH-City projet [RI 2017-03]
Citation (ISO format)
PORCHERIE, Marion et al. How to evaluate health in all policies at the local level: methodological insights within municipalities from the WHO French healthy cities network. In: International journal of health policy and management, 2022. doi: 10.34172/ijhpm.2022.6584
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Article (Published version)
Secondary files (2)
ISSN of the journal2322-5939

Technical informations

Creation11/10/2022 10:45:00 AM
First validation11/10/2022 10:45:00 AM
Update time03/16/2023 8:54:55 AM
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