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Scientific article
English

Acute Serous Retinal Detachment after the Same Operating Session of Uncomplicated Cataract Surgeries: A Case Series

Published inKlinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, vol. 239, no. 04, p. 418-423
Publication date2022-04-26
First online date2022-04-26
Abstract

Purpose: To report four cases of acute serous retinal detachment (ASRD) after the same operating session of uncomplicated cataract surgeries.

Methods: In this case series, data of patients who developed ASRD after uncomplicated phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation during the same operating session were collected. Diagnosis was made on the first postoperative day, when all patients had a very low best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), despite a good aspect of the anterior segment, without significant keratopathy and with only trace cells in the anterior chamber. Spectral-domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT) revealed serous retinal detachment with subretinal fluid accumulation in the macular area. Patients received a parabulbar injection of 40 mg/mL triamquinolone in addition to usual the postoperative topical treatment of 0.1% dexamethasone and 0.3% netilmicin eye drops. Patients were examined postoperatively on days 1, 3, 7, and 1 month. BCVA and central foveal thickness (CFT) measured by SD-OCT were evaluated at each visit. A relationship between demographics, preoperative ocular conditions, systemic diseases, parameters of surgery, and the development of ASRD was analyzed.

Results: After a single operating session of 10 uneventful cataract surgeries, operated by the same expert surgeon, on postoperative day 1, ASRD was detected in 4 patients (3 male, 1 female; mean age 71 ± 4.1 years). Preoperatively, the mean BCVA was 0.6 ± 0.1 decimals and mean CFT was 191.3 ± 13.7 µm. On the first postoperative day, mean BCVA was 0.01 ± 0.1 decimals, and all eyes had serous retinal detachment, with a mean CFT of 682.0 ± 97.4 µm. On the following visits, BCVA improved and CFT reduced significantly. On day 7, BCVA was at least 0.7 decimals in all eyes, with complete reabsorption of subretinal fluid. At 1 month, mean BCVA was 1.0 ± 0.0 decimals and no eye had recurrence of serous retinal detachment, with a mean CFT of 202.3 ± 26.7 µm. No relevant data were found on other parameters investigated.

Conclusion: Acute serous retinal detachment is a rare event that can occur after uncomplicated phacoemulsification, which in our cases, resolved in a few days without recurrence.

eng
Keywords
  • Aged
  • Cataract Extraction / adverse effects
  • Cataract / complications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Phacoemulsification / adverse effects
  • Retinal Detachment / diagnosis
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology
  • Retinal Detachment / surgery
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods
Citation (ISO format)
BRAVETTI, Giorgio Enrico et al. Acute Serous Retinal Detachment after the Same Operating Session of Uncomplicated Cataract Surgeries: A Case Series. In: Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 2022, vol. 239, n° 04, p. 418–423. doi: 10.1055/a-1785-5441
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0023-2165
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Creation07/07/2022 4:17:00 PM
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