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A mixed chirality α-helix in a stapled bicyclic and a linear antimicrobial peptide revealed by X-ray crystallography

Published inRSC chemical biology, vol. 2, no. 6, p. 1608-1617
Publication date2021-12-02
First online date2021-08-20
Abstract

The peptide α-helix is right-handed when containing amino acids with l-chirality, and left-handed with d-chirality, however mixed chirality peptides generally do not form α-helices unless a helix inducer such as the non-natural residue amino-isobutyric acid is used. Herein we report the first X-ray crystal structures of mixed chirality α-helices in short peptides comprising only natural residues as the example of a stapled bicyclic and a linear membrane disruptive amphiphilic antimicrobial peptide (AMP) containing seven l-and four d-residues, as complexes of fucosylated analogs with the bacterial lectin LecB. The mixed chirality α-helices are superimposable onto the homochiral α-helices and form under similar conditions as shown by CD spectra and MD simulations but non-hemolytic and resistant to proteolysis. The observation of a mixed chirality α-helix with only natural residues in the protein environment of LecB suggests a vast unexplored territory of α-helical mixed chirality sequences and their possible use for optimizing bioactive α-helical peptides.

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Citation (ISO format)
BAERISWYL, Stéphane et al. A mixed chirality α-helix in a stapled bicyclic and a linear antimicrobial peptide revealed by X-ray crystallography. In: RSC chemical biology, 2021, vol. 2, n° 6, p. 1608–1617. doi: 10.1039/d1cb00124h
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ISSN of the journal2633-0679
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