Scientific article
Open access

Unpacking Multi-Level Governance of Antimicrobial Resistance Policies: the Case of Guangdong, China

Published inHealth policy and planning, czac052
Publication date2022-07-01
First online date2022-07-01


Against the backdrop of universal healthcare coverage and pre-existing policies on antimicrobial use, China has adopted a state-governed, multi-level, top-down policy governance approach around antimicrobial resistance (AMR) National Action Plan (NAP). The Plan relies on tightening control over antimicrobial prescription and use in human and animal sectors. At the same time, medical doctors and veterinarians operate in an environment of high rates of infectious diseases, multi-drug resistance, or poor livestock husbandry. In exploring the way policy responsibilities are distributed, this study aims to describe how Guangdong as a province, adopts national AMR policies in a tightly controlled public policy system and an economy with high disparity. We draw on an analysis of 225 AMR-relevant Chinese policy documents at the national and sub-national levels. We adopt a multi-level governance perspective and apply a temporal sequence frameworks to identify and analyse documents. To identify policy detail, we conducted keyword analysis using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) on policies that conserve antimicrobials. We also identify pre-existing medical and public policies that associates with antimicrobial resistance policies. Our findings highlight the emphasis and policies around antimicrobial use regulation to address AMR in China.

  • Antimicrobial use
  • antimicrobial resistance policy
  • infectious disease prevention
  • multi-level governance
  • national and sub-national policies
Citation (ISO format)
CHAN, Olivia Sinn Kay et al. Unpacking Multi-Level Governance of Antimicrobial Resistance Policies: the Case of Guangdong, China. In: Health policy and planning, 2022, p. czac052. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czac052
Main files (2)
Article (Published version)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0268-1080

Technical informations

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