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Risk for Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Subsegmental Pulmonary Embolism Managed Without Anticoagulation : A Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study

Le Gal, Grégoire
Kovacs, Michael J
Bertoletti, Laurent
Couturaud, Francis
Dennie, Carole
Hirsch, Andrew M
Huisman, Menno V
Klok, Frederikus A
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Published in Annals of internal medicine. 2022, vol. 175, no. 1, p. 29-35

Background: The incidence of pulmonary embolism has been increasing, but its case-fatality rate is decreasing, suggesting a lesser severity of illness. The clinical importance of patients with pulmonary embolism isolated to the subsegmental vessels is unknown.

Objective: To determine the rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients with subsegmental pulmonary embolism managed without anticoagulation.

Design: Multicenter prospective cohort study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: <a href="http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01455818" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">NCT01455818</a>).

Setting: Eighteen sites between February 2011 and February 2021.

Patients: Patients with isolated subsegmental pulmonary embolism.

Intervention: At diagnosis, patients underwent bilateral lower-extremity venous ultrasonography, which was repeated 1 week later if results were negative. Patients without deep venous thrombosis did not receive anticoagulant therapy.

Measurements: The primary outcome was recurrent venous thromboembolism during the 90-day follow-up period.

Results: Recruitment was stopped prematurely because the predefined stopping rule was met after 292 of a projected 300 patients were enrolled. Of the 266 patients included in the primary analysis, the primary outcome occurred in 8 patients, for a cumulative incidence of 3.1% (95% CI, 1.6% to 6.1%) over the 90-day follow-up. The incidence of recurrent venous thromboembolism was 2.1% (CI, 0.8% to 5.5%) and 5.7% (CI, 2.2% to 14.4%) over the 90-day follow-up in patients with single and multiple isolated subsegmental pulmonary embolism, respectively. No patients had a fatal recurrent pulmonary embolism.

Limitation: The study was restricted to patients with low-risk subsegmental pulmonary embolism.

Conclusion: Overall, patients with subsegmental pulmonary embolism who did not have proximal deep venous thrombosis had a higher-than-expected rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism.

Keywords FemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedProspective StudiesPulmonary Embolism / therapyRecurrenceRisk FactorsUltrasonographyVenous Thrombosis / diagnostic imaging
PMID: 34807722
Full text
Research group La maladie thromboembolique veineuse (808)
CIHR: CDT-142654
(ISO format)
LE GAL, Grégoire et al. Risk for Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Subsegmental Pulmonary Embolism Managed Without Anticoagulation : A Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study. In: Annals of internal medicine, 2022, vol. 175, n° 1, p. 29-35. doi: 10.7326/M21-2981 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:161629

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Deposited on : 2022-06-22

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