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Toxoplasma gondii phosphatidylserine flippase complex ATP2B-CDC50.4 critically participates in microneme exocytosis

Published inPLOS pathogens, vol. 18, no. 3, e1010438
Publication date2022-03-24
First online date2022-03-24
Abstract

Regulated microneme secretion governs motility, host cell invasion and egress in the obligate intracellular apicomplexans. Intracellular calcium oscillations and phospholipid dynamics critically regulate microneme exocytosis. Despite its importance for the lytic cycle of these parasites, molecular mechanistic details about exocytosis are still missing. Some members of the P4-ATPases act as flippases, changing the phospholipid distribution by translocation from the outer to the inner leaflet of the membrane. Here, the localization and function of the repertoire of P4-ATPases was investigated across the lytic cycle of Toxoplasma gondii . Of relevance, ATP2B and the non-catalytic subunit cell division control protein 50.4 (CDC50.4) form a stable heterocomplex at the parasite plasma membrane, essential for microneme exocytosis. This complex is responsible for flipping phosphatidylserine, which presumably acts as a lipid mediator for organelle fusion with the plasma membrane. Overall, this study points toward the importance of phosphatidylserine asymmetric distribution at the plasma membrane for microneme exocytosis.

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BISIO SABARIS, Hugo et al. <i>Toxoplasma gondii</i> phosphatidylserine flippase complex ATP2B-CDC50.4 critically participates in microneme exocytosis. In: PLOS pathogens, 2022, vol. 18, n° 3, p. e1010438. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1010438
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ISSN of the journal1553-7366
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