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The limits of multiplexing quantum and classical channels: Case study of a 2.5 GHz discrete variable quantum key distribution system

Published inApplied physics letters, vol. 119, 124001
First online date2021-09-01
Abstract

Network integration of quantum key distribution is crucial for its future widespread deployment due to the high cost of using optical fibers dedicated for the quantum channel only. We studied the performance of a system running a simplified BB84 protocol at 2.5 GHz repetition rate, operating in the original wavelength band, the short O-band, when multiplexed with communication channels in the conventional wavelength band, and the short C-band. Our system could successfully generate secret keys over a single-mode fiber with a length of 95.5 km and with co-propagating classical signals at a launch power of 8.9 dBm. Furthermore, we discuss the performance of an ideal system under the same conditions, showing the limits of what is possible with a discrete variable system in the O-band. We also considered a short and lossy link with 51 km optical fiber resembling a real link in a metropolitan area network. In this scenario, we could exchange a secret key with a launch power up to 16.7 dBm in the classical channels.

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Citation (ISO format)
GRUENENFELDER, Fadri et al. The limits of multiplexing quantum and classical channels: Case study of a 2.5 GHz discrete variable quantum key distribution system. In: Applied physics letters, 2021, vol. 119, p. 124001. doi: 10.1063/5.0060232
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ISSN of the journal0003-6951
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