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Scientific article
Open access
English

Clinical characteristics of suicidal youths and adults: a one-year retrospective study

Publication date2020-11-24
First online date2020-11-24
Abstract

Suicide is a major mental health problem, particularly during youth, when it is the second leading cause of death. Since young people at risk of suicide are often cared for by the adult health system, we sought to identify the specificities and similarities between suicidal youths and adults in order to further inform the potential need for adaptations in taking care of suicidal youths. For this study, we used the following data: mental disorders, treatments, previous hospitalization, and reasons for current hospitalization, that were collected from November 2016 to October 2017 among people hospitalized for a suicidal crisis in a specialized psychiatric unit. First, we compared the data from the youth group with those from the adult group, and then we tried to determine if there were any associations between variables. Analyses showed that youths were more similar to adults than expected. In particular, we found comparable rates of personality disorders (especially borderline) and relapse, and similar profiles of reasons for hospitalization in suicidal crisis. Remarkably, among youth, neuroleptics appeared to be associated with fewer hospitalizations for behavioral than ideational reasons, but with more relapses. Results of this study suggest that young people could benefit from brief psychotherapeutic interventions implemented for adults.

eng
Keywords
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Crisis
  • Psychiatric emergency
  • Suicidal youth
  • Suicidality
  • Suicide
  • Young
  • Youth
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Suicide
Citation (ISO format)
BESCH, Vincent et al. Clinical characteristics of suicidal youths and adults: a one-year retrospective study. In: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2020, vol. 17, n° 23, p. 8733. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17238733
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1660-4601
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