Scientific article
Open access

Understanding unequal representation

Publication date2022-03-14
First online date2022-03-14

This paper presents the results of a conjoint survey experiment in which Swiss citizens were asked to choose among parliamentary candidates with different class profiles determined by occupation, education and income. Existing survey-experimental literature on this topic suggests that respondents are indifferent to the class profiles of candidates or biased against candidates with high-status occupations and high incomes. We find that respondents are biased against upper middle-class candidates as well as routine working-class candidates. While the bias against upper middle-class candidates is primarily a bias among working-class individuals, the bias against routine working-class candidates is most pronounced among middle-class individuals. Our supplementary analysis of observational data confirms the bias against routine working-class candidates, but not the bias against upper middle-class candidates.

  • European Commission - Unequal Democracies [741538]
Citation (ISO format)
BURGOON, Brian et al. Understanding unequal representation. In: European journal of political research, 2022, p. p.1–7. doi: 10.1111/1475-6765.12521
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0304-4130

Technical informations

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