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Scientific article
English

Clinical and objective gait outcomes remained stable seven years after total knee arthroplasty: A prospective longitudinal study of 28 patients

Published inThe knee, vol. 34, p. 223-230
Publication date2022-01
Abstract

Background: There is a paucity of data on mid to long-term gait outcomes after total knee arthroplasty. The aims of this longitudinal study were: to assess the evolution of both clinical and gait outcomes before and up to seven years after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a cohort of patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: This study included 28 patients evaluated before and up to seven years after primary TKA with both gait analysis and patient reported outcomes; of these, 20 patients were evaluated one year after surgery as well. Kinematic outcomes during gait (gait velocity, dimensionless gait veolicity, maximal knee flexion and knee range of motion), pain relief, Western Ontario and MacMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), quality of life and patient satisfaction were assessed and compared at each visit with the paired Wilcoxon signed rank test (p < 0.05).

Results: The significant improvement achieved at one year after TKA was stable up to seven years after surgery, with all clinical and kinematic outcomes unchanged, except for gait velocity, with a significant decrease over time (1.3 (1.1-1.4) m/s one year after TKA versus 1.0 (0.9-1.1) m/s, p < 0.05 up to seven years after).

Conclusion: Patients with knee osteoarthritis significantly improve their clinical and kinematic outcomes at one year postoperatively and maintain the gain up to seven years after primary TKA, except for gait velocity which decreases over time, most likely along with ageing.

eng
Keywords
  • Clinical outcomes
  • Knee kinematic
  • Longitudinal follow-up
  • Osteoarthritis (OA)
  • Total knee arthroplasty (TKA)
Citation (ISO format)
BONNEFOY, Alice et al. Clinical and objective gait outcomes remained stable seven years after total knee arthroplasty: A prospective longitudinal study of 28 patients. In: The knee, 2022, vol. 34, p. 223–230. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2021.12.003
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0968-0160
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