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Recognition in a visuospatial memory task: The effect of presentation

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Published in European Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 2005, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 47-75
Abstract The influence of the mode of presentation (simultaneous vs. sequential) on accuracy and latency of visuospatial recognition was explored in three experiments. In Experiment 1, two groups were administered a visuospatial task in which a number of positions were shown either simultaneously or sequentially (in a random order); memory was tested using a recognition procedure of visuospatial patterns, either identical or different (a single cell displaced). The results showed that (1) performance was higher in the simultaneous than in the sequential presentation, and (2) decision time increased with complexity in the sequential presentation but not in the simultaneous presentation. In Experiment 2, the same task was used in three conditions of presentation, simultaneous, random sequential, and ordered sequential; at test, a single location, rather than a pattern, was presented for recognition. The results showed that (1) performance was higher in the simultaneous and in the ordered sequential presentations than in the random sequential one, and (2) decision time increased with complexity. In Experiment 3, the same task was used in the same three conditions of presentation, simultaneous, random sequential, and ordered sequential; at test either an identical or a "displaced" pattern was presented for recognition. The results showed that (1) performance was equivalent in the three types of presentation, and (2) decision time increased with complexity for "hit" items; different patterns of linear relations were observed for "correct rejections" items. The results are interpreted in terms of the organisation of visuospatial working memory, and three types of encoding -- extrafigural spatial encoding, visual pattern encoding, and spatial path encoding -- were proposed.
Keywords CognitionMémoirePerformanceTemps
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LECERF, Thierry, DE RIBAUPIERRE, Anik. Recognition in a visuospatial memory task: The effect of presentation. In: European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 2005, vol. 17, n° 1, p. 47-75. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:1592

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Deposited on : 2009-05-13

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