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Scientific article
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Non-contrast Cine Cardiac Magnetic Resonance image radiomics features and machine learning algorithms for myocardial infarction detection

Published inComputers in biology and medicine, vol. 141, 105145
Publication date2022-02
Abstract

Objective: Robust differentiation between infarcted and normal tissue is important for clinical diagnosis and precision medicine. The aim of this work is to investigate the radiomic features and to develop a machine learning algorithm for the differentiation of myocardial infarction (MI) and viable tissues/normal cases in the left ventricular myocardium on non-contrast Cine Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (Cine-CMR) images.

Methods: Seventy-two patients (52 with MI and 20 healthy control patients) were enrolled in this study. MR imaging was performed on a 1.5 T MRI using the following parameters: TR = 43.35 ms, TE = 1.22 ms, flip angle = 65°, temporal resolution of 30-40 ms. N4 bias field correction algorithm was applied to correct the inhomogeneity of images. All images were segmented and verified simultaneously by two cardiac imaging experts in consensus. Subsequently, features extraction was performed within the whole left ventricular myocardium (3D volume) in end-diastolic volume phase. Re-sampling to 1 × 1 × 1 mm3 voxels was performed for MR images. All intensities within the VOI of MR images were discretized to 64 bins. Radiomic features were normalized to obtain Z-scores, followed by Student's t-test statistical analysis for comparison. A p-value < 0.05 was used as a threshold for statistically significant differences and false discovery rate (FDR) correction performed to report q-value (FDR adjusted p-value). The extracted features were ranked using the MSVM-RFE algorithm, then Spearman correlation between features was performed to eliminate highly correlated features (R2 > 0.80). Ten different machine learning algorithms were used for classification and different metrics used for evaluation and various parameters used for models' evaluation.

Results: In univariate analysis, the highest area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) value was achieved for the Maximum 2D diameter slice (M2DS) shape feature (AUC = 0.88, q-value = 1.02E-7), while the average of univariate AUCs was 0.62 ± 0.08. In multivariate analysis, Logistic Regression (AUC = 0.93 ± 0.03, Accuracy = 0.86 ± 0.05, Recall = 0.87 ± 0.1, Precision = 0.93 ± 0.03 and F1 Score = 0.90 ± 0.04) and SVM (AUC = 0.92 ± 0.05, Accuracy = 0.85 ± 0.04, Recall = 0.92 ± 0.01, Precision = 0.88 ± 0.04 and F1 Score = 0.90 ± 0.02) yielded optimal performance as the best machine learning algorithm for this radiomics analysis.

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that using radiomics analysis on non-contrast Cine-CMR images enables to accurately detect MI, which could potentially be used as an alternative diagnostic method for Late Gadolinium Enhancement Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (LGE-CMR).

eng
Keywords
  • Cine-CMR
  • Radiomics
  • Machine learning
  • Myocardial infarction
Funding
Citation (ISO format)
AVARD, Elham et al. Non-contrast Cine Cardiac Magnetic Resonance image radiomics features and machine learning algorithms for myocardial infarction detection. In: Computers in biology and medicine, 2022, vol. 141, p. 105145. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2021.105145
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ISSN of the journal0010-4825
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Creation12/18/2021 10:13:00 AM
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