en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Predicting recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation using a novel model that incorporates tumor and donor-related factors

Published inTransplant international, vol. 34, no. 12, p. 2875-2886
Publication date2021-12
First online date2021-11-16
Abstract

Evidence suggests that liver graft quality impacts on post-transplant recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As of today, selection criteria only use variables related to tumor characteristics. Within the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, we identified patients with HCC who underwent liver transplantation between 2004 and 2016 (development cohort, n=10,887). Based on tumor recurrence rates, we fitted a competing-risk regression incorporating tumor- and donor-related factors, and we developed a prognostic score. Results were validated both internally, and externally in the Australia and New Zealand Liver Transplant Registry Total tumor diameter (sub-hazard ratio [sub-HR] 1.52 [1.28-1.81]), alpha-feto protein (sub-HR 1.27 [1.23-1.32], recipient male gender (sub-HR 1.43 [1.18-1.74]), elevated donor body mass index (sub-HR 1.26 [1.01-1.58] and shared graft allocation policy (sub-HR 1.20 [1.01-1.43] were independently associated with tumor recurrence. We next developed the Darlica score (sub-HR 2.72 [2.41-3.08] p<0.001), that allows identifying risky combinations between a given donor and a given recipient. Results were validated internally (n=3,629) and externally in the Australia and New Zealand Liver Transplant Registry (n=370). The current score is based on variables that are readily available at the time of graft offer. It allows identifying hazardous donor-recipient combinations in terms of risk of tumor recurrence and overall survival.

eng
Keywords
  • Deceased donors
  • Liver clinical
  • Malignancies and long term compliations
  • Outcome
  • Solid tumors
Citation (ISO format)
ORCI, Lorenzo et al. Predicting recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation using a novel model that incorporates tumor and donor-related factors. In: Transplant international, 2021, vol. 34, n° 12, p. 2875–2886. doi: 10.1111/tri.14161
Main files (2)
Article (Accepted version)
Article (Published version)
Secondary files (1)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0934-0874
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Technical informations

Creation11/18/2021 2:23:00 PM
First validation11/18/2021 2:23:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 2:33:28 AM
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