en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Co-Calibrating Physical and Psychological Outcomes and Consumer Wearable Activity Outcomes in Older Adults: An Evaluation of the coQoL Method

Published inJournal of personalized medicine, vol. 10, no. 4, 203
Publication date2020-10-31
First online date2020-10-31
Abstract

Inactivity, lack of sleep, and poor nutrition predispose individuals to health risks. Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs) assess physical behaviours and psychological states but are subject of self-reporting biases. Conversely, wearables are an increasingly accurate source of behavioural Technology-Reported Outcomes (TechROs). However, the extent to which PROs and TechROs provide convergent information is unknown. We propose the coQoL PRO-TechRO co-calibration method and report its feasibility, reliability, and human factors influencing data quality. Thirty-nine seniors provided 7.4 ± 4.4 PROs for physical activity (IPAQ), social support (MSPSS), anxiety/depression (GADS), nutrition (PREDIMED, SelfMNA), memory (MFE), sleep (PSQI), Quality of Life (EQ-5D-3L), and 295 ± 238 days of TechROs (Fitbit Charge 2) along two years. We co-calibrated PROs and TechROs by Spearman rank and reported human factors guiding coQoL use. We report high PRO—TechRO correlations (rS ≥ 0.8) for physical activity (moderate domestic activity—light+fair active duration), social support (family help—fair activity), anxiety/depression (numeric score—sleep duration), or sleep (duration to sleep—sleep duration) at various durations (7–120 days). coQoL feasibly co-calibrates constructs within physical behaviours and psychological states in seniors. Our results can inform designs of longitudinal observations and, whenever appropriate, personalized behavioural interventions.

eng
Keywords
  • ambulatory assessment
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • health-related quality of life
  • memory
  • nutrition
  • physical activity
  • sleep
  • social support
  • wearable
Funding
  • Active and Assisted Living programme - [AAL-2019-6-120-CP]
  • European Commission - Wellbeing and Health Virtual Coach [769765]
Citation (ISO format)
MANEA, Vlad, WAC, Katarzyna. Co-Calibrating Physical and Psychological Outcomes and Consumer Wearable Activity Outcomes in Older Adults: An Evaluation of the coQoL Method. In: Journal of personalized medicine, 2020, vol. 10, n° 4, p. 203. doi: 10.3390/jpm10040203
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2075-4426
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Technical informations

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