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Scientific article
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Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Impact of Preoperative Seizures in Neonates With Congenital Heart Disease

First online date2021-02-04
Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, risk factors, and impact of electrographic seizures in neonates with complex congenital heart disease before cardiac surgery.

Methods: A cohort of 31 neonates with congenital heart disease monitored preoperatively with continuous video-EEG (cEEG) was first reviewed for electrographic seizure burden and EEG background abnormalities. Second, cEEG findings were correlated with brain MRI and 18-month outcomes.

Results: Continuous video-EEG was recorded preoperatively for a median duration of 20.5 hours (range, 2.5–93.5 hours). The five neonates (16%; 95% confidence interval, 5.5% to 34%) with seizures detected on cEEG in the preoperative period had a diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries or similar physiology, detected in four of five postnatally. None of the 157 recorded electrographic seizures had a clinical correlate. The median time to first seizure was 65 minutes (range, 6–300 minutes) after cEEG hookup. The median maximum hourly seizure burden was 12.4 minutes (range, 7–23 minutes). Before the first electrographic seizure, a prolonged interburst interval (>10 seconds) was not associated with seizures (coefficient 1.2; 95% confidence interval, −1.1 to 3.6). MRI brain lesions were three times more common in neonates with seizures. Sharp wave transients on cEEG were associated with delayed opercular development.

Conclusions: In this cohort, preoperative electrographic seizures were common, were all subclinical, and were associated with MRI brain injury and postnatal diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries. The findings motivate further study of the mechanisms of preoperative brain injury, particularly among neonates with a postnatal diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries.

eng
Keywords
  • Neonatal seizures
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Continuous video-EEG
  • EEG background
  • Neurodevelopment
Citation (ISO format)
PITTET, Marie-Pascale et al. Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Impact of Preoperative Seizures in Neonates With Congenital Heart Disease. In: Journal of clinical neurophysiology, 2021. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000825
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ISSN of the journal0736-0258
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Technical informations

Creation10/15/2021 2:11:00 PM
First validation10/15/2021 2:11:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 2:29:53 AM
Status update03/16/2023 2:29:52 AM
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