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Magneto-optical and optical probes of gapped ground states of bilayer graphene

Publication date2012-08-06
First online date2012-08-06
Abstract

We study the influence of different kinds of gaps in a quasiparticle spectrum on longitudinal and transverse optical conductivities of bilayer graphene. An exact analytical expression for magnetooptical conductivity is derived using a low-energy two-band Hamiltonian. We consider how the layer asymmetry gap caused by a bias electric field and a time-reversal symmetry breaking gap affect the absorption lines. The limit of zero magnetic field is then analyzed for an arbitrary carrier density in the two-band model. For a neutral bilayer graphene, the optical Hall and longitudinal conductivities are calculated exactly in the four-band model with four different gaps and zero magnetic field. It is shown that two different time-reversal symmetry breaking states can be distinguished by analyzing the dependence of the optical Hall conductivity on the energy of photon. These time-reversal symmetry breaking states are expected to be observed experimentally via optical polarization rotation either in the Faraday or Kerr effects. We analyze a possibility of such an experiment for a free-standing graphene, graphene on a thick substrate, and graphene on a double-layer substrate.

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Citation (ISO format)
GORBAR, E. V. et al. Magneto-optical and optical probes of gapped ground states of bilayer graphene. In: Physical review. B,, Condensed matter and materials physics., 2012, vol. 86, n° 7, p. 075414. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.075414
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ISSN of the journal1098-0121
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