Scientific article
Open access

Noise dependency in vascular parameters from combined gradient-echo and spin-echo DSC MRI

Published inPhysics in Medicine and Biology, vol. 65, no. 22, 225020
Publication date2020

Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) imaging is a widely used technique for assessment of cerebral blood volume (CBV). With combined gradient-echo and spin-echo DSC techniques, measures of the underlying vessel size and vessel architecture can be obtained from the vessel size index (VSI) and vortex area, respectively. However, how noise, and specifically the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), affect the estimations of these parameters has largely been overlooked. In order to address this issue, we have performed simulations to generate DSC signals with varying levels of CNR, defined by the peak of relaxation rate curve divided by the standard deviation of the baseline. Moreover, DSC data from 59 brain cancer patients were acquired at two different 3 T-scanners (N = 29 and N = 30, respectively), where CNR and relative parameter maps were obtained. Our simulations showed that the measured parameters were affected by CNR in different ways, where low CNR led to overestimations of CBV and underestimations of VSI and vortex area. In addition, a higher noise-sensitivity was found in vortex area than in CBV and VSI. Results from clinical data were consistent with simulations, and indicated that CNR < 4 gives highly unreliable measurements. Moreover, we have shown that the distribution of values in the tumour regions could change considerably when voxels with CNR below a given cut off are excluded when generating the relative parameter maps. The widespread use of CBV and attractive potential of VSI and vortex area, makes the noise-sensitivity of these parameters found in our study relevant for further use and development of the DSC imaging technique. Our results suggest that the CNR has considerable impact on the measured parameters, with the potential to affect the clinical interpretation of DSC-MRI, and should therefore be taken into account in the clinical decision-making process.

  • Adult
  • Blood Vessels/diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Neoplasms/blood supply/diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Signal-To-Noise Ratio
  • European Commission - 758657-ImPRESS
Citation (ISO format)
DIGERNES, Ingrid et al. Noise dependency in vascular parameters from combined gradient-echo and spin-echo DSC MRI. In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2020, vol. 65, n° 22, p. 225020. doi: 10.1088/1361-6560/abb71a
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal0031-9155

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Creation10/17/2021 7:24:00 PM
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