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Diritto comparato nelle Istituzioni di Gaio: il ruolo della lex Bithynorum e del diritto dei Galati

ContributorsForster, Doris
Published inTeoria e storia del diritto privato, no. XIV, p. 1-22
Publication date2021

The article aims to deepen the role of comparison in the famous Institutes of Gaius, by asking what were the objectives of the use of this instrument by Gaius himself. First of all, this article will highlight the methods and the interpretation that derived from its application by the jurists of ancient Rome and explore the reasons why the comparative method was little used and distrusted in Roman jurisprudence. We will then analyze Gaius' use of the comparative method with respect to some specific foreign norms in order to explain and understand certain legal situations. In particular, it is necessary to highlight the institute of tutela mulierum through which, by comparing it with other foreign norms, Gaius casts doubt on its effectiveness. Thus, the figure of Gaius as a critic of law emerges, in addition to his already well-known figure as a teacher and historian. We can finally come to the conclusion that Gaius does not wish to make changes to the Roman legal system, the traditional legal system par excellence, but rather to explain, through the use of foreign law, the complexity of the Roman legal system.

  • Diritto comparato
  • Gaio
  • Istituzioni gaiane
  • Metodo comparativo
  • Analisi comparativa
  • Tutela mulierum
  • Galatia
  • Lex Bithynorum
  • Apud peregrinos
  • Ius proprium civium Romanorum
  • Editto provinciale
  • Peregrino
  • Didattica
  • De Oratore 1,44,197
  • Gai. I 55
  • Gai. I 190
  • Gai. I 193
  • Comparative law
  • Gaius
  • Institutiones
  • Comparative method
  • Comparative analysis
  • Provincial Edict
  • Peregrine
  • Teaching methods
Citation (ISO format)
FORSTER, Doris. Diritto comparato nelle Istituzioni di Gaio: il ruolo della lex Bithynorum e del diritto dei Galati. In: Teoria e storia del diritto privato, 2021, n° XIV, p. 1–22.
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Article (Published version)
  • PID : unige:157950
ISSN of the journal2036-2528

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