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Title

Physical activity dimensions differentially predict physical and mental components of health-related quality of life: evidence from a sport for all study

Authors
Gouveia, Bruna R.
Gouveia, Élvio R.
Nascimento, Marcelo de Maio
Conceição, Lúcia
Marconcin, Priscila
Peralta, Miguel
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Published in Sustainability. 2021, vol. 13, no. 23, 13370
Abstract The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between different dimen-sions of physical activity (PA) (i.e., work, sport, leisure) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (i.e.,overall, physical component, mental component) in an adult lifespan sample of 381 active individuals (agerange: 18–88 years; 38.8% men), while controlling for important covariates in terms of sex, age, education,and health profile regarding medical history. HRQoL was assessed using the 12-item Short-Form HealthSurvey (SF-12). Usual (i.e., previous 12 months) PA was assessed during face-to-face interviews using theBaecke questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analyses showed in Step 1 that the three PA dimensionswork, sport, and leisure (entered simultaneously) together predicted 8%, 10%, and 4% of the variance inSF-12 total score, SF-12 physical component, and SF-12 mental component, respectively. In the final model,adjusting for sex, age, education, and health profile regarding medical history, sport emerged as the onlyPA dimension predicting SF-12 total score and the SF-12 physical component. In conclusion, health-policytargets at the community level should include the promotion of lifelong engagement in PA, especiallysport, to allow the sustainability of HRQoL across the lifespan of our society.
Keywords Health-related quality of lifeWell-beingMental healthPhysical healthPhysical activitySport for allExercise
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Structures
Research groups Centre LIVES
Cognitive Aging Lab (CAL)
Project
Swiss National Science Foundation: 51NF40-185901
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(ISO format)
IHLE, Andreas et al. Physical activity dimensions differentially predict physical and mental components of health-related quality of life: evidence from a sport for all study. In: Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, n° 23, p. 13370. doi: 10.3390/su132313370 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:157911

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Deposited on : 2022-01-13

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