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Neuropsychological Outcomes after Surgery for Olfactory Groove Meningiomas

Published inCancers, vol. 13, no. 11, 2520
Publication date2021
Abstract

Background: In recent years, several studies have reported abnormal pre- and postoperative neuropsychological functioning in patients with meningiomas located in the prefrontal cortex (notably the ventromedial region). In the case of olfactory groove meningiomas, the tumor is in direct contact with the inferior aspect of the prefrontal cortex, a cortical region with crucial roles in decision-making, cognition and memory functions, potentially negatively impacting neuropsychological functions. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively compared pre- and post-operative neuropsychological testing of 17 patients undergoing surgical removal of olfactory groove meningiomas in our institution between January 2013 and December 2018. Neuropsychological results were obtained from the patients' medical history and normalized as z-scores of their respective cognitive functions. Results: Assessment of cognitive follow-up showed an important heterogeneity among patients. Pre-operative cognitive impairment was observed in most patients, particularly in cognitive flexibility (mean z-score: −1.35). Immediate post-operative cognitive status showed an overall impairment in all domains of cognition, significant for the domains of attention (p = 0.0273) and flexibility (p = 0.0234) and almost significant for the domain of language (p = 0.0547). The late follow-up at one year showed a trend towards general improvement, although attention and flexibility remained impaired. Discussion: Olfactory groove meningiomas impact pre-frontal cortex cognitive functions, particularly in the domain of cognitive flexibility. After an initial postoperative worsening, patients tended to improve in most aspects after one year, aside from cognitive flexibility and attention.

Keywords
  • Surgery
  • Neurosurgery
  • Cognition
  • Outcome
  • Meningioma
  • Neuropsychology
Citation (ISO format)
CONSTANTHIN, Paul et al. Neuropsychological Outcomes after Surgery for Olfactory Groove Meningiomas. In: Cancers, 2021, vol. 13, n° 11, p. 2520. doi: 10.3390/cancers13112520
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ISSN of the journal2072-6694
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