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Trends and outcomes for non-elective neurosurgical procedures in Central Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic

Grassner, Lukas
Petr, Ondra
Warner, Freda M
Dedeciusova, Michaela
Mathis, Andrea Maria
Pinggera, Daniel
Gsellmann, Sina
Meiners, Laura C
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Published in Scientific Reports. 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, 6171
Abstract The world currently faces the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic. Little is known about the effects of a pandemic on non-elective neurosurgical practices, which have continued under modified conditions to reduce the spread of COVID-19. This knowledge might be critical for the ongoing second coronavirus wave and potential restrictions on health care. We aimed to determine the incidence and 30-day mortality rate of various non-elective neurosurgical procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. A retrospective, multi-centre observational cohort study among neurosurgical centres within Austria, the Czech Republic, and Switzerland was performed. Incidence of neurosurgical emergencies and related 30-day mortality rates were determined for a period reflecting the peak pandemic of the first wave in all participating countries (i.e. March 16th-April 15th, 2020), and compared to the same period in prior years (2017, 2018, and 2019). A total of 4,752 emergency neurosurgical cases were reviewed over a 4-year period. In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a general decline in the incidence of non-elective neurosurgical cases, which was driven by a reduced number of traumatic brain injuries, spine conditions, and chronic subdural hematomas. Thirty-day mortality did not significantly increase overall or for any of the conditions examined during the peak of the pandemic. The neurosurgical community in these three European countries observed a decrease in the incidence of some neurosurgical emergencies with 30-day mortality rates comparable to previous years (2017-2019). Lower incidence of neurosurgical cases is likely related to restrictions placed on mobility within countries, but may also involve delayed patient presentation.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAgedAged, 80 and overCOVID-19/mortalityChildChild, PreschoolEuropeFemaleHumansInfantInfant, NewbornMaleMiddle AgedNeurosurgery/methodsNeurosurgical Procedures/mortality/trendsPandemics/statistics & numerical dataRetrospective StudiesYoung Adult
PMID: 33731753
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Research group Groupe Schaller Karl Lothard (neurochirurgie) (851)
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GRASSNER, Lukas et al. Trends and outcomes for non-elective neurosurgical procedures in Central Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic. In: Scientific Reports, 2021, vol. 11, n° 1, p. 6171. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-85526-6 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:155528

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Deposited on : 2021-10-20

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