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Modulation of human adipose stem cells' neurotrophic capacity using a variety of growth factors for neural tissue engineering applications: axonal growth, transcriptional, and phosphoproteomic analyses in vitro

Published inCells, vol. 9, no. 9
Publication date2020
Abstract

We report on a potential strategy involving the exogenous neurotrophic factors (NTF) for enhancing the neurotrophic capacity of human adipose stem cells (ASC) in vitro. For this, ASC were stimulated for three days using NTF, i.e., nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin 3 (NT3), NT4, glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF). The resulting conditioned medium (CM) as well as individual NTF exhibited distinct effects on axonal outgrowth from dorsal root ganglion (DRG) explants. In particular, CM derived from NT3-stimulated ASC (CM-NT3-ASC) promoted robust axonal outgrowth. Subsequent transcriptional analysis of DRG cultures in response to CM-NT3-ASC displayed significant upregulation of STAT-3 and GAP-43. In addition, phosphoproteomic analysis of NT3-stimulated ASC revealed significant changes in the phosphorylation state of different proteins that are involved in cytokine release, growth factors signaling, stem cell maintenance, and differentiation. Furthermore, DRG cultures treated with CM-NT3-ASC exhibited significant changes in the phosphorylation levels of proteins involved in tubulin and actin cytoskeletal pathways, which are crucial for axonal growth and elongation. Thus, the results obtained at the transcriptional, proteomic, and cellular level reveal significant changes in the neurotrophic capacity of ASC following NT3 stimulation and provide new options for improving the axonal growth-promoting potential of ASC in vitro.

Keywords
  • Schwann cells
  • Axonal regeneration
  • Dorsal root ganglion
  • Ex vivo stimulation
  • Human adipose stem cells
  • Neurotrophic factors
  • Peripheral nerve injuries
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
PRAUTSCH, Katharina M et al. Modulation of human adipose stem cells” neurotrophic capacity using a variety of growth factors for neural tissue engineering applications: axonal growth, transcriptional, and phosphoproteomic analyses in vitro. In: Cells, 2020, vol. 9, n° 9. doi: 10.3390/cells9091939
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ISSN of the journal2073-4409
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