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Title

Motivated but not engaged: The implicit achievement motive requires difficult or unclear task difficulty conditions to exert an impact on effort

Authors
Richter, Michael
Published in Journal of research in personality. 2021, vol. 94, 104145
Abstract Integrating the achievement motive literature and motivational intensity theory, we expected the implicit achievement motive (nAch) to directly determine effort mobilization when task difficulty is unclear. However, nAch should interact with task difficulty in determining effort mobilization when task difficulty is clear. Par- ticipants worked on an easy versus difficult memory task (Study 1) or a clear versus unclear arithmetic task (Study 2). We used the Picture-Story-Exercise to assess nAch and pre-ejection period (PEP) to operationalize effort. As predicted, PEP reactivity was strong in the difficult-high-nAch condition and in the unclear-high-nAch condition but low in the other three conditions. Supporting motivational intensity theory, our results showed that nAch requires difficult or unclear task conditions to exert a noticeable impact on effort.
Keywords Implicit achievement motiveEffortMotivational intensity theoryPre-ejection periodCardiovascular reactivityTask difficulty
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Research group Geneva Motivation Lab
Project
Swiss National Science Foundation: 100019_162389
Citation
(ISO format)
MAZERES, Florence, BRINKMANN, Kerstin, RICHTER, Michael. Motivated but not engaged: The implicit achievement motive requires difficult or unclear task difficulty conditions to exert an impact on effort. In: Journal of research in personality , 2021, vol. 94, p. 104145. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2021.104145 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:155051

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Deposited on : 2021-09-28

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