en
Scientific article
Open access
English

EXTending availability of self-management structured EducatioN programmes for people with type 2 Diabetes in low-to-middle income countries (EXTEND) - a feasibility study in Mozambique and Malawi

Published inBMJ open, vol. 11, no. 9, e047425
Publication date2021
Abstract

Background: Globally, there are estimated 425 million people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with 80% from low-middle income countries (LMIC). Diabetes self-management education (DSME) programmes are a vital and core component of the treatment pathway for T2D. Despite LMIC being disproportionally affected by T2D, there are no DSME available that meet international diabetes federation criterion. Methods: The aims were to test the feasibility of delivering a proven effective and cost-effective approach used in a UK population in two urban settings in Malawi and Mozambique by; (1) developing a culturally, contextually and linguistically adapted DSME, the EXTending availability of self-management structured EducatioN programmes for people with type 2 Diabetes in low-to-middle income countries (EXTEND) programme; (2) using a mixed-method approach to evaluate the delivery of training and the EXTEND programme to patients with T2D. Results: Twelve healthcare professionals were trained. Ninety-eight participants received the DSME. Retention was high (100% in Mozambique and 94% in Malawi). At 6 months HbA1c (−0.9%), cholesterol (−0.3 mmol/L), blood pressure (−5.9 mm Hg systolic and −6.1 mm Hg diastolic) improved in addition to indicators of well-being (problem areas in diabetes and self-efficacy in diabetes). Conclusion: It is feasible to deliver and evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally, contextually and linguistically adapted EXTEND programme in two LMIC. The DSME was acceptable with positive biomedical and psychological outcomes but requires formal testing with cost-effectiveness. Challenges exist in scaling up such an approach in health systems that do not have resources to address the challenge of diabetes.

eng
Funding
  • Autre - EXTending availability of self-management structured EducatioN programmes for people with type 2 Diabetes in low-to-middle income countries [MR/P02548X/1]
Citation (ISO format)
BRADY, Emer M et al. EXTending availability of self-management structured EducatioN programmes for people with type 2 Diabetes in low-to-middle income countries (EXTEND) - a feasibility study in Mozambique and Malawi. In: BMJ open, 2021, vol. 11, n° 9, p. e047425. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047425
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal2044-6055
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