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Fluid migration recorded by fluid inclusions in crack‑sealed quartz veins and sandstone host rock; Cameros Basin, Spain

González-Acebrón, Laura
Lopez-Elorza, Maialen
Mas, Ramón
Arribas, José
Published in Journal of Iberian Geology. 2021
Abstract The role of deep hydrothermal fluid circulation through fractures and their impact on the sandstone host rock is studied in an extensional sedimentary basin (Cameros Basin, Spain) affected by a post-extensional hydrothermal metamorphism. The quartzarenites of the Urbión Group constituted a hydrocarbon carrier affected by very low to low-grade hydrothermal metamorphism during Late Albian to Coniacian. This process generated abundant quartz veins and transformed the quartzarenites into quartzites. This study compares the microthermometry of the fluid inclusion asemblages (FIAs) in the veins and in the quartz grain overgrowths in the quartzites, in order to understand the behavior of the hydrothermal fluids through fractures and their effects in the host rock. Fluid inclusions in the quartz grain overgrowths contain liquid and vapor at room temperature and homogenize to the liquid (Th: 124–265 °C, H2O + NaCl system). Those of quartz veins present both liquid and vapor CO2 and an aqueous liquid phase (room temperature). Final homogenization is to the liquid (Th: 109–282 °C, H2O + NaCl + CO2, mean values of amount-of-substance fractions: 0.92, 0.01, 0.07). Large Th variation within each FIA is common, due to crack and sealing processes and to reequilibration by successive thermal pulses. In contrast, the narrow Th range in each FIA towards the top of the record indicates that these inclusions are probably not reequilibrated. Two growing stages are recognized under SEM-CL in the quartz grain overgrowths, one diagenetic and another hydrothermal, the later with FIAs showing Th similar than the veins. The results can help in the evaluation of the geo-energy resources in sedimentary basins
Keywords Quartz cementFluid inclusionsHydrothermal veinsSEM-CLCameros Basin
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Research group Reservoir Geology and Sedimentary Basin Analyses
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GONZÁLEZ-ACEBRÓN, Laura et al. Fluid migration recorded by fluid inclusions in crack‑sealed quartz veins and sandstone host rock; Cameros Basin, Spain. In: Journal of Iberian Geology, 2021. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:154454

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Deposited on : 2021-09-06

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