Scientific article

Inter-laboratory study to evaluate the performance of automated online characterization of antibody charge variants by multi-dimensional LC-MS/MS

Published inTalanta, vol. 234, 122628
Publication date2021

An international study was conducted to evaluate the performance and reliability of an online multi-dimensional (mD)-LC-MS/MS approach for the characterization of antibody charge variants. The characterization of antibody charge variants is traditionally performed by time-consuming, offline isolation of charge variant fractions by ion exchange chromatography (IEC) that are subsequently subjected individually to LC-MS/MS peptide mapping. This newly developed mD-LC-MS/MS approach enables automated and rapid characterization of charge variants using much lower sample requirements. This online workflow includes sample reduction, digestion, peptide mapping, and subsequent mass spectrometric analysis within a single, fully-automated procedure. The benefits of using online mD-LC-MS/MS for variant characterization include fewer handling steps, a more than 10-fold reduction in required sample amount, reduced sample hold time as well as a shortening of the overall turnaround time from weeks to few days compared to standard offline procedures. In this site-to-site comparison study, we evaluated the online peptide mapping data collected from charge variants of trastuzumab (Herceptin®) across three international laboratories. The purpose of this study was to compare the overall performance of the online mD-LC-MS/MS approach for antibody charge variant characterization, with all participating sites employing different mD-LC-MS/MS setups (e.g., instrument vendors, modules, columns, CDS software). The high sequence coverage (95%–97%) obtained in each laboratory, enabled a reproducible generation of tryptic peptides and the comparison of values of the charge variants. Results obtained at all three participating sites were in good agreement, highlighting the reliability and performance of this approach, and correspond with data gained by the standard offline procedure. Overall, our results underscore of the benefit mD-LC-MS/MS technology for therapeutic antibody characterization, confirming its potential to become an important tool in the toolbox of protein characterization scientists.

  • Charge variants
  • Automation
  • Multi-dimensional liquid chromatography
  • PTMs
  • Multi-site evaluation
Citation (ISO format)
CAMPERI, Julien et al. Inter-laboratory study to evaluate the performance of automated online characterization of antibody charge variants by multi-dimensional LC-MS/MS. In: Talanta, 2021, vol. 234, p. 122628. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2021.122628
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0165-2486

Technical informations

Creation07/05/2021 3:29:00 PM
First validation07/05/2021 3:29:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 12:51:45 AM
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