Scientific article

Why are individuals with diabetes less active? The mediating role of physical, emotional, and cognitive factors

Publication date2021

Background : Despite the key role of physical activity in the management of diabetes, many individuals with diabetes do not engage in the recommended levels of physical activity. However, our knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the relationship between diabetes and physical inactivity is limited. Purpose : To investigate the associations between diabetes and the levels and evolution of physical activity across aging, and to determine whether physical, emotional, and cognitive factors mediate these associations. Methods : Data from 105,622 adults aged 50–96 years from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) were used in adjusted linear mixed models to examine whether diabetes was associated with physical activity levels and variations across aging. The potential mediators were subjective energy, muscle strength, physical and cognitive disability, sleep problems, depressive symptoms, and cognitive functions. The variables were measured up to seven times over a 13-year period. Results : Individuals with diabetes demonstrated a lower level and a steeper decrease in physical activity across aging than individual without diabetes. Mediators explained ~53% and 94% of the association of diabetes with the level of physical activity and with the linear evolution of physical activity across aging, respectively. All mediators were significantly associated with physical activity. Physical and cognitive disability as well as depressive symptoms were the strongest mediators, while sleep was the lowest one. Conclusions : These findings suggest that the etiology of physical inactivity in individuals with diabetes can result from several physical, emotional, and cognitive changes associated with the emergence of this disease.

  • Diabetes
  • Physical activity
  • Disability
  • Emotions
  • Cognition
  • Aging
  • Depression
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
CHEVAL, Boris et al. Why are individuals with diabetes less active? The mediating role of physical, emotional, and cognitive factors. In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2021. doi: 10.1093/abm/kaaa120
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1532-4796

Technical informations

Creation06/08/2021 12:39:00 PM
First validation06/08/2021 12:39:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 12:44:23 AM
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