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Quantitative comparison of corneal surface areas in keratoconus and normal eyes

Crahay, François-Xavier
Debellemanière, Guillaume
Ghazal, Wassim
Moran, Sarah
Gatinel, Damien
Published in Scientific Reports. 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, 6840
Abstract Keratoconus is a highly prevalent corneal disorder characterized by progressive corneal thinning, steepening and irregular astigmatism. To date, pathophysiology of keratoconus development and progression remains debated. In this study, we retrospectively analysed topographic elevation maps from 3227 eyes of 3227 patients (969 keratoconus and 2258 normal eyes) to calculate anterior and posterior corneal surface area. We compared results from normal eyes and keratoconus eyes using the Mann-Whitney U test. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare keratoconus stages according to the Amsler-Krumeich classification. Keratoconus eyes were shown to have statistically significantly larger corneal surface areas, measured at the central 4.0 mm and 8.0 mm, and total corneal diameter. However, no significant increase in corneal surface area was seen with increasing severity of keratoconus. We suggest that these results indicate redistribution, rather than increase, of the corneal surface area with keratoconus severity.
Keywords KeratoconusCornea
PMID: 33767220
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Research group Ophtalmologie expérimentale (925)
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CRAHAY, François-Xavier et al. Quantitative comparison of corneal surface areas in keratoconus and normal eyes. In: Scientific Reports, 2021, vol. 11, n° 1, p. 6840. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-86185-3

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Deposited on : 2021-05-20

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