Book chapter

Physiological Monitoring for Procedural Sedation

Published inPediatric Sedation Outside of the Operating Room, Editors Mason, K. P., p. 95-105
PublisherCham : Springer
Edition3rd Ed.
Publication date2021

Physiological monitoring of vital signs is essential for the safe practice of procedural sedation and analgesia. Oxygenation, ventilation, hemodynamics, and aspects of cortical activity can all be monitored noninvasively in spontaneously breathing patients. This chapter discusses the current guidelines and standards for patient monitoring, the essential monitoring modalities for procedural sedation and analgesia in children, and future directions in the field of monitoring.

  • Physiologic monitoring
  • Procedural sedation
  • Oxygenation monitoring
  • Ventilation monitoring
  • Hemodynamic monitoring
  • Capnography
  • Depth of sedation
  • Bispectral index (BIS)
  • Cerebral oximetry
  • Noninvasive cardiovascular monitoring
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)
  • Joint Commission
  • American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP)
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS)
  • Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale (OAA/S)
  • University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS)
Citation (ISO format)
SAHYOUN, Cyril, KRAUSS, Baruch. Physiological Monitoring for Procedural Sedation. In: Pediatric Sedation Outside of the Operating Room. Cham : Springer, 2021. p. 95–105. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-58406-1_6
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Book chapter (Published version)

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