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Treatment by low-dose brain radiation therapy improves memory performances without changes of the amyloid load in the TgF344-AD rat model

Published inNeurobiology of Aging, vol. 103, p. 117-127
Publication date2021
Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition affecting memory performance. This pathology is characterized by intracerebral amyloid plaques and tau tangles coupled with neuroinflammation. During the last century, numerous therapeutic trials unfortunately failed highlighting the need to find new therapeutic approaches. Low-dose brain radiotherapy (LD-RT) showed efficacy to reduce amyloid load and inflammation in patients with peripheral diseases. In this study, the therapeutic potential of 2 LD-RT schedules was tested on the TgF344-AD rat model of AD. Fifteen-month-old rats were irradiated with 5 fractions of 2 Gy delivered either daily or weekly. The daily treatment induced an improvement of memory performance in the Y-maze. In contrast, the weekly treatment increased the microglial reactivity in the hippocampus. A lack of effect of both regimens on amyloid pathology was unexpectedly observed. The positive effect on cognition encourages to further evaluate the LD-RT therapeutic potential and highlights the impact of the design choice of the LD-RT regimen.

Keywords
  • Radiotherapy
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Amyloid
  • Low-dose
Citation (ISO format)
CEYZERIAT, Kelly et al. Treatment by low-dose brain radiation therapy improves memory performances without changes of the amyloid load in the TgF344-AD rat model. In: Neurobiology of Aging, 2021, vol. 103, p. 117–127. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2021.03.008
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ISSN of the journal0197-4580
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