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Specific heat of high temperature superconductors in high fields at Tc: from BCS to the Bose–Einstein condensation

Published inPhysica C: Superconductivity and Its Applications, vol. 317-318, p. 333-344
Publication date1999
Abstract

We consider the experimental trends in a database of specific heat measurements near T-c in high magnetic fields for type-II superconductors with a large value of kappa = lambda/xi, including mostly high-temperature superconductors. Whereas the BCS limiting case is well established in low-T-c superconductors, the exact 3D-XY behavior illustrated by the lambda-transition of He-4 applies only in the particular case of optimally doped YBa2Cu3Ox. Otherwise, transitions are intermediate either between the BCS and the 3D-XY models (e.g., YBa2Cu3O7.00), or between the 3D-XY model and the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) (e.g., Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8). The key parameter in ordering this sequence appears to be the product k(F)xi of the Fermi wave number by the coherence length, as evaluated from tunneling spectra in the vortex cores. Such a trend, which is consistent with theoretical descriptions of the strong coupling limit, is visible in the thermodynamics of the phase transition. Implications on the effective mass, the density of pairs just above T-c, the pseudo-gap behavior, etc., are discussed.

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Citation (ISO format)
JUNOD, Alain, ERB, Andréas, RENNER, Christoph. Specific heat of high temperature superconductors in high fields at T<sub>c</sub>: from BCS to the Bose–Einstein condensation. In: Physica C: Superconductivity and Its Applications, 1999, vol. 317-318, p. 333–344. doi: 10.1016/S0921-4534(99)00077-5
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ISSN of the journal0921-4534
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