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Small and Middle T Antigens Contribute to Lytic and Abortive Polyomavirus Infection

Published in Journal of virology. 1985, vol. 53, no. 2, p. 579-586
Abstract Using three different polyomavirus hr-t mutants and two polyomavirus mlT mutants, we studied induction of S-phase by mutants and wild-type virus in quiescent mouse kidney cells, mouse 3T6 cells, and FR 3T3 cells. At different times after infection, we measured the proportion of T-antigen-positive cells, the incorporation of [3H]thymidine, the proportion of DNA-synthesizing cells, and the increase in total DNA, RNA, and protein content of the cultures. In permissive mouse cells, we also determined the amount of viral DNA and the proportion of viral capsid-producing cells. In polyomavirus hr-t mutant-infected cultures, onset of host DNA replication was delayed by several hours, and a smaller proportion of T-antigen-positive cells entered S-phase than in wild-type-infected cultures. Of the two polyomavirus mlT mutants studied, dl-23 behaved similarly to wild-type virus in many, but not all, parameters tested. The poorly replicating but well-transforming mutant dl-8 was able to induce S-phase, and (in permissive cells) progeny virus production, in only about one-third of the T-antigen-positive cells. From our experiments, we conclude that mutations affecting small and middle T-antigen cause a reduction in the proportion of cells responding to virus infection and a prolongation of the early phase, i.e., the period before cells enter S-phase. In hr-t mutant-infected mouse 3T6 cells, production of viral DNA was less than 10% of that in wild-type-infected cultures; low hr-t progeny production in 3T6 cells was therefore largely due to poor viral DNA replication.
Keywords AnimalsPolyomavirus transforming antigensTumor viral antigens/biosynthesis/genetics/physiologyCell lineCultured cellsDNA/biosynthesisViral DNA/biosynthesisViral genesInterphaseKineticsMiceMutationPolyomavirus/genetics/metabolism/physiologyRNA/biosynthesisViral Proteins/biosynthesis/genetics/physiology
PMID: 2578576
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Swiss National Science Foundation: 3.012.81
Swiss National Science Foundation: 3.414.083
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TURLER, Hans, SALOMON, Maria Consuelo. Small and Middle T Antigens Contribute to Lytic and Abortive Polyomavirus Infection. In: Journal of Virology, 1985, vol. 53, n° 2, p. 579-586. doi: 10.1128/JVI.53.2.579-586.1985 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:150751

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