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Scientific article
Open access
English

Interprofessional Medication Adherence Program for Patients With Diabetic Kidney Disease: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled and Qualitative Study (PANDIA-IRIS)

Published inJMIR Research Protocols, vol. 10, no. 3, e25966
Publication date2021
Abstract

The aim of this study is to define the impact of the duration of this medication adherence program on long-term adherence and clinical outcomes in patients with DKD. Despite effective treatments, more than 30% of patients with diabetes will present with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) at some point. Patients with DKD are among the most complex as their care is multifactorial and involves different groups of health care providers. Suboptimal adherence to polypharmacy is frequent and contributes to poor outcomes. As self-management is one of the keys to clinical success, structured medication adherence programs are crucial. The PANDIA-IRIS (patients diabétiques et insuffisants rénaux: un programme interdisciplinaire de soutien à l'adhésion thérapeutique) study is based on a routine medication adherence program led by pharmacists. Objective: The aim of this study is to define the impact of the duration of this medication adherence program on long-term adherence and clinical outcomes in patients with DKD. Methods: This monocentric adherence program consists of short, repeated motivational interviews focused on patients' medication behaviors combined with the use of electronic monitors containing patients' medications. When patients open the electronic monitor cap to take their medication, the date and hour at each opening are registered. In total, 73 patients are randomized as 1:1 in 2 parallel groups; the adherence program will last 6 months in the first group versus 12 months in the second group. After the intervention phases, patients continue using their electronic monitors for a total of 24 months but without receiving feedback. Electronic monitors and pill counts are used to assess medication adherence. Persistence and implementation will be described using Kaplan-Meier curves and generalized estimating equation multimodeling, respectively. Longitudinal adherence will be presented as the product of persistence and implementation and modelized by generalized estimating equation multimodeling. The evolution of the ADVANCE (Action in Diabetes and Vascular disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified-Release Controlled Evaluation) and UKPDS (United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study) clinical scores based on medication adherence will be analyzed with generalized estimating equation multimodeling. Patients' satisfaction with this study will be assessed through qualitative interviews, which will be transcribed verbatim, coded, and analyzed for the main themes. Results: This study was approved by the local ethics committee (Vaud, Switzerland) in November 2015. Since then, 2 amendments to the protocol have been approved in June 2017 and October 2019. Patients' recruitment began in April 2016 and ended in October 2020. This study was introduced to all consecutive eligible patients (n=275). Among them, 73 accepted to participate (26.5%) and 202 (73.5%) refused. Data collection is ongoing and data analysis is planned for 2022. Conclusions: The PANDIA-IRIS study will provide crucial information about the impact of the medication adherence program on the adherence and clinical outcomes of patients with DKD. Monitoring medication adherence during the postintervention phase is innovative and will shed light on the duration of the intervention on medication adherence. Trial Registration: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT04190251_PANDIA IRIS; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04190251

Keywords
  • Medication adherence
  • Patient compliance
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetes complications
  • Diabetic nephropathies
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Kidney failure
  • Renal insufficiency
  • Electronic monitoring
  • Interprofessional program
Funding
  • Autre - CuraFutura, PharmaSuisse, SantéSuisse
Citation (ISO format)
BANDIERA, Carole et al. Interprofessional Medication Adherence Program for Patients With Diabetic Kidney Disease: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled and Qualitative Study (PANDIA-IRIS). In: JMIR Research Protocols, 2021, vol. 10, n° 3, p. e25966. doi: 10.2196/25966
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1929-0748
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Creation03/22/2021 3:58:00 PM
First validation03/22/2021 3:58:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 12:19:22 AM
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