Scientific article
Open access

Detecting early myocardial ischemia in rat heart by MALDI imaging mass spectrometry

Published inScientific Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 5135
Publication date2021

Diagnostics of myocardial infarction in human post-mortem hearts can be achieved only if ischemia persisted for at least 6-12 h when certain morphological changes appear in myocardium. The initial 4 h of ischemia is difficult to diagnose due to lack of a standardized method. Developing a panel of molecular tissue markers is a promising approach and can be accelerated by characterization of molecular changes. This study is the first untargeted metabolomic profiling of ischemic myocardium during the initial 4 h directly from tissue section. Ischemic hearts from an ex-vivo Langendorff model were analysed using matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) at 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h. Region-specific molecular changes were identified even in absence of evident histological lesions and were segregated by unsupervised cluster analysis. Significantly differentially expressed features were detected by multivariate analysis starting at 15 min while their number increased with prolonged ischemia. The biggest significant increase at 15 min was observed for m/z 682.1294 (likely corresponding to S-NADHX-a damage product of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)). Based on the previously reported role of NAD+/NADH ratio in regulating localization of the sodium channel (Nav1.5) at the plasma membrane, Nav1.5 was evaluated by immunofluorescence. As expected, a fainter signal was observed at the plasma membrane in the predicted ischemic region starting 30 min of ischemia and the change became the most pronounced by 4 h. Metabolomic changes occur early during ischemia, can assist in identifying markers for post-mortem diagnostics and improve understanding of molecular mechanisms.

Citation (ISO format)
ALJAKNA KHAN, Aleksandra et al. Detecting early myocardial ischemia in rat heart by MALDI imaging mass spectrometry. In: Scientific Reports, 2021, vol. 11, n° 1, p. 5135. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-84523-z
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ISSN of the journal2045-2322

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