Scientific article
Open access

Exploring blood alterations in chronic kidney disease and haemodialysis using metabolomics

Published inScientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, 19502
Publication date2020

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by retention of uremic solutes. Compared to patients with non-dialysis dependent CKD, those requiring haemodialysis (HD) have increased morbidity and mortality. We wished to characterise metabolic patterns in CKD compared to HD patients using metabolomics. Prevalent non-HD CKD KDIGO stage 3b-4 and stage 5 HD outpatients were screened at a single tertiary hospital. Various liquid chromatography approaches hyphenated with mass spectrometry were used to identify 278 metabolites. Unsupervised and supervised data analyses were conducted to characterize metabolic patterns. 69 patients were included in the CKD group and 35 in the HD group. Unsupervised data analysis showed clear clustering of CKD, pre-dialysis (preHD) and post-dialysis (postHD) patients. Supervised data analysis revealed qualitative as well as quantitative differences in individual metabolites profiles between CKD, preHD and postHD states. An original metabolomics framework could discriminate between CKD stages and highlight HD effect based on 278 identified metabolites. Significant differences in metabolic patterns between CKD and HD patients were found overall as well as for specific metabolites. Those findings could explain clinical discrepancies between patients requiring HD and those with earlier stage of CKD.

Citation (ISO format)
GAGNEBIN, Yoric et al. Exploring blood alterations in chronic kidney disease and haemodialysis using metabolomics. In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, n° 1, p. 19502. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-76524-1
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2045-2322

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