en
Scientific article
English

On the molecular mechanisms of transposition

Published inProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 78, no. 8, p. 4858-4862
Publication date1981
Abstract

We present a model for transposition that allows a choice between cointegrate formation (replicon fusion) and direct transposition. We propose that initiation of the process occurs by invasion of the target DNA by a single-stranded end of the transposable element. This leads to nicking of one of the DNA strands of the target molecule and ligation of this strand to that of the invading transposon. Transposition then occurs in a processive way by replication of the element from the invading end into the target site in a looped rolling-circle mode similar to replication of phage phi X174 replicative form to viral strand. The choice between cointegrate formation and direct transposition occurs at the nick-ligation step, which terminates the process. We suggest that the choice is determined by the topology of the transposition enzymes and could be related to whether the element generates five- or nine-base-pair repeats in the target DNA on insertion.

Keywords
  • Transposable elements
  • Rolling-circle replication
  • Replicon fusion
  • Nonhomologous recombination
Funding
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 3.591.79
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 3.493.79
Citation (ISO format)
GALAS, David J., CHANDLER, Michael. On the molecular mechanisms of transposition. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1981, vol. 78, n° 8, p. 4858–4862. doi: 10.1073/pnas.78.8.4858
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0027-8424
117views
0downloads

Technical informations

Creation03/18/2021 9:57:00 AM
First validation03/18/2021 9:57:00 AM
Update time03/16/2023 12:16:42 AM
Status update03/16/2023 12:16:41 AM
Last indexation01/17/2024 12:48:03 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack