Scientific article
Open access

Different patterns of cerebral perfusion in SLE patients with and without neuropsychiatric manifestations

Published inHuman Brain Mapping, vol. 41, no. 3, p. 755-766
Publication date2020

To investigate brain perfusion patterns in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with and without neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE and non-NPSLE, respectively) and to identify biomarkers for the diagnosis of NPSLE using noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) arterial spin labeling (ASL). Thirty-one NPSLE and 24 non-NPSLE patients and 32 age- and sex-matched normal controls (NCs) were recruited. Three-dimensional ASL-MRI was applied to quantify cerebral perfusion. Whole brain, gray (GM) and white matter (WM), and voxel-based analysis (VBA) were performed to explore perfusion characteristics. Correlation analysis was performed to find the relationship between the perfusion measures, lesion volumes, and clinical variables. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and support vector machine (SVM) classification were applied to differentiate NPSLE patients from non-NPSLE patients and healthy controls. Compared to NCs, NPSLE patients showed increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) within WM but decreased CBF within GM, while non-NPSLE patients showed increased CBF within both GM and WM. Compared to non-NPSLE patients, NPSLE patients showed significantly reduced CBF in the frontal gyrus, cerebellum, and corpus callosum. CBF within several brain regions such as cingulate and corpus callosum showed significant correlations with the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) and the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) damage index scores. ROC analysis showed moderate performance in distinguishing NPSLE from non-NPSLE patients with AUCs > 0.7, while SVM analysis demonstrated that CBF within the corpus callosum achieved an accuracy of 83.6% in distinguishing NPSLE from non-NPSLE patients. Different brain perfusion patterns were observed between NPSLE and non-NPSLE patients. CBF measured by noninvasive 3D ASL could be a useful biomarker for the diagnosis and disease monitoring of NPSLE and non-NPSLE patients.

  • 3D arterial spin labeling
  • Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Perfusion
  • Systemiclupus erythematosus
Citation (ISO format)
ZHUO, Zhizheng et al. Different patterns of cerebral perfusion in SLE patients with and without neuropsychiatric manifestations. In: Human Brain Mapping, 2020, vol. 41, n° 3, p. 755–766. doi: 10.1002/hbm.24837
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ISSN of the journal1065-9471

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