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Title

External borders and internal freedoms: how the refugee crisis shaped the bordering preferences of European citizens

Authors
Karstens, Felix
Published in Journal of European Public Policy. 2021, p. 1-19
Abstract The idea that internal inclusion requires external exclusion features prominently in many theoretical accounts of modern statehood and citizenship. In a similar vein, it has been argued that internal freedom of movement in the European Union requires strict immigration control at its external borders. This article sheds light on the relationship between internal de-bordering and external re-bordering, making two main contributions. First, we theorise the idea of an integration-demarcation conditionality based on the European Union's symbolic legitimacy and functional needs. Second, we test the common belief that public support for free movement within Europe depends on a restrictive border regime for non-European immigration. For this purpose, we assess how the external shock of the 2015 refugee crisis shaped the bordering preferences of European citizens. We find that the crisis primarily increased citizens’ support for external re-bordering, and did not substantially undermine their support for internal free movement. Thus, the large-scale arrival of refugees has not led to a general backlash against open borders and immigration but has, rather, increased public support for the European model of combining internal freedoms with external controls.
Keywords Free movementEuropean UnionImmigrationBorder controlPublic opinion
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LUTZ, Philipp, KARSTENS, Felix. External borders and internal freedoms: how the refugee crisis shaped the bordering preferences of European citizens. In: Journal of European Public Policy, 2021, p. 1-19. doi: 10.1080/13501763.2021.1882541 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:149835

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Deposited on : 2021-03-01

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