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Structural Similarities between Corresponding Heat-shock Proteins from Different Eucaryotic Cells

Published inJournal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 258, no. 6, p. 3516-3522
Publication date1983
Abstract

Effects of heat treatments on chick embryo fibroblasts, Drosophila embryonic cells, and human lymphoblastoid cells have been compared. Cells from all three species synthesize large heat-shock proteins (hsps) with Mr = 70,000 and 84,000-85,000. Different small hsps with Mr between 22,000 and 27,000 are made at high rates in heat-treated chicken and Drosophila cells but could not be observed in human cells. The structural features of the large hsps from cells of the different organisms were compared by three methods of peptide mapping, namely the examination of tryptic digests by two-dimensional thin layer chromatography or by high pressure liquid chromatography and of incomplete V8 digests by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The Mr = 84,000-85,000 polypeptides from all three organisms are closely related, the chicken and human polypeptides having many peptides in common. The relationship between the Mr = 70,000 polypeptides of the different organisms appears to be less close; possible explanations for this latter result are discussed. Rates of synthesis of total as well as poly(A)+ RNA are much lower in heat-treated than in untreated cells of all three organisms. Heat treatments induce dramatic changes in the shape of chick embryo fibroblasts as seen by microscopic examination. Human lymphoblastoid cells do not show changes in shape.

Citation (ISO format)
VOELLMY, Richard, BROMLEY, Peter A., KOCHER, Hans P. Structural Similarities between Corresponding Heat-shock Proteins from Different Eucaryotic Cells. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1983, vol. 258, n° 6, p. 3516–3522. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9258(18)32692-9
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ISSN of the journal0021-9258
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