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Scientific article
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Geomorphological characterization of basal flow markers during recurrent mass movement: A case study from the Taranaki Basin, offshore New Zealand

Published inBasin Research
Publication date2021
Abstract

This work examines the mode of basal to substrate interaction, and flow dynamics of recurrent mass wasting events from a high‐quality 3D seismic reflection data. The Taranaki Basin, offshore New Zealand offers a unique environment to understand these processes, as the Neogene succession of the area preserves vertical stacks of mass transport deposits (MTDs) from the Miocene to Pliocene. The approach used here combines seismic interpretation of the basal shear zones (BSZ) of the MTD, seismic attribute analyses, and colour rendering of both RMS amplitude and energy gradient maps. The five mass transport deposits are characterized into blocky‐MTDs consisting of moderate to high amplitude and variably deformed rafted blocks, and chaotic masses composed of slides and debris flow deposits. Classic examples of kinematic indicators at the BSZ of the MTDs akin to free‐slip flow processes such as liquefaction, hydroplaning, and shear wetting are convolute flow fabrics and basal shear zone cut‐offs (fractures). Striations, grooves, mega scours, U‐ and V‐shaped scours, substrate erosion, monkey fingers (peel backs), substrate deformation and shearing are associated with no‐slip flows, suggesting that the mass movements efficiently interacted with the underlying substrate. Importantly, the intersection of different kinematic indicators along the BSZs of all the MTDs suggests an overlap of flow regimes, flow overprinting and transformation during mass movement. Although basal tooling by rafted blocks seem dominant during remobilization of the blocky MTDs, the presence of other kinematic indicators signifies combined mechanisms involving both free‐flow and no‐slip processes during their translation. The classification scheme evaluated here innovatively shows mass movements habitually occur through a combination of flow mechanism rather than an independent flow regime.

Keywords
  • Mass transport deposits
  • Basal shear zone
  • Kinematic indicators
  • Free-flow
  • No-slip
  • Taranaki Basin
  • Offshore New Zealand.
Citation (ISO format)
KUMAR, Priyadarshi Chinmoy et al. Geomorphological characterization of basal flow markers during recurrent mass movement: A case study from the Taranaki Basin, offshore New Zealand. In: Basin Research, 2021. doi: 10.1111/bre.12560
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Article (Accepted version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0950-091X
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Technical informations

Creation02/24/2021 3:07:00 PM
First validation02/24/2021 3:07:00 PM
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