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Scientific article
Open access
English

Relationship between urban green spaces and cancer: a scoping review

Publication date2021
Abstract

This scoping study aims to explore the relationships between urban green spaces (UGSs) and the onset, remission and recovery of cancer. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension for scoping reviews (protocol published in 2018). Eligibility criteria for papers were: (1) to be concerned with UGSs, (2) reporting effects of UGSs on cancer-related outcomes including direct or indirect measures, (3) reporting randomized controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, case studies, observational studies, non-comparative studies, (4) in English or French. The search covered primary studies in the published and unpublished (grey) literatures searching by hand and electronic databases (MEDLINE, Green File, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and ScienceDirect). Among 1703 records screened by two reviewers independently, 29 were included for qualitative synthesis. We classify the cancers concerned and the effects reported i.e., protective effect, risk or without association. The most investigated cancers are bladder, breast and lung cancer. Our study also identified contributing factors and their mediating effects between UGSs and cancer. Even though the strength of the evidence of the associations between UGSs and cancer is still weak due to the low number of studies and their design, results highlight the wide variety of possible mediating factors between the use of green spaces and cancer occurrence, remission and/or prevention. Knowledge gaps and future research perspectives should be oriented to qualitative research on protective factors with an attention to equity in UGS access and use

Keywords
  • Urban green spaces
  • Cancer
  • Risk factors
  • Contributing factors
  • Scoping review
Citation (ISO format)
PORCHERIE, Marion et al. Relationship between urban green spaces and cancer: a scoping review. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, vol. 18, n° 4, p. 1751. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18041751
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1661-7827
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